KTET Syllabus 2023 – കാറ്റഗറി 1,2,3,4 പുതിയ പരീക്ഷാ പാറ്റേൺ മലയാളം PDF-ൽ ഇവിടെ ഡൗൺലോഡ് ചെയ്യുക!!

KTET Syllabus 2023 - കാറ്റഗറി 1,2,3,4 പുതിയ പരീക്ഷാ പാറ്റേൺ മലയാളം PDF-ൽ ഇവിടെ ഡൗൺലോഡ് ചെയ്യുക!!
KTET Syllabus 2023 - കാറ്റഗറി 1,2,3,4 പുതിയ പരീക്ഷാ പാറ്റേൺ മലയാളം PDF-ൽ ഇവിടെ ഡൗൺലോഡ് ചെയ്യുക!!

KTET Syllabus 2023 – കാറ്റഗറി 1,2,3,4 പുതിയ പരീക്ഷാ പാറ്റേൺ മലയാളം PDF-ൽ ഇവിടെ ഡൗൺലോഡ് ചെയ്യുക!! കേരള ടീച്ചർ എലിജിബിലിറ്റി ടെസ്റ്റ് (കെ-ടെറ്റ്) പരീക്ഷാഭവൻ അതിന്റെ ഔദ്യോഗിക സൈറ്റിൽ ഒക്ടോബർ മാസത്തെ വിജ്ഞാപനം അടുത്തിടെ പുറത്തിറക്കി. ഇപ്പോൾ വിജ്ഞാപനത്തിനായി കാത്തിരിക്കുന്ന ഉദ്യോഗാർത്ഥികൾക്ക് 17.11.2023 വരെ പോസ്റ്റിന് അപേക്ഷിക്കാം. പരീക്ഷയ്ക്ക് തയ്യാറെടുക്കുന്ന ഉദ്യോഗാർത്ഥികൾക്ക് പരീക്ഷയെ മറികടക്കാൻ കൃത്യമായ പ്ലാൻ ഉണ്ടായിരിക്കണം. അതിനാൽ നമുക്ക് ആദ്യം വേണ്ടത് പരീക്ഷാ സിലബസ് ശരിയായി വിവരിക്കുകയാണ്. കേരള ടീച്ചർ എലിജിബിലിറ്റി ടെസ്റ്റ് 2023 കേറ്റിലേക്ക് അധ്യാപകരെ തിരഞ്ഞെടുക്കുന്നതാണ്

KTET Exam Pattern 2023:

Board Name Pareeksha Bhavan, Kerala/ Kerala Government Education Board (KGB)
Post Name Kerala Teacher Eligibility
Exam Name Kerala Teacher Eligibility Test-(KTET) 2023
Exam Mode Online/Offline
Total Marks 150 Marks
Duration Of Exam 2 Hrs 30 Min

KTET Syllabus 2023 PDF Download Link:

KTET Category 1 syllabus 2023:

SI.NO Subjects Marks(150)
1 Child Development and Pedagogy 30
2 Tamil/Kannada/Malayalam 30
3 English/ Arabic 30
4 Mathematics 30
5 Environmental Studies 30



=>Child Development and Learning (15 Questions)

• Methods of studying child behaviour – observation, case study, Interview, Psychological tests etc.
• Concept of development
• Principles of growth and development
• Influence of heredity and environment on human development
• Concept of learning
• Basic theories of learning : Conditioning (Pavlov, Skinner); Insight learning (Gestalt); cognitive
learning (Piaget, Bruner and Vygotsky)
• Relation between development and learning : learner readiness of maturation
• Piaget, Kohlberg and Vygotsky : Constructs and critical perspectives.
• Concept of child – centered and progressive education – Activity based method of Teaching and
Learning, Problem Based Learning
• Critical perspectives of construct of intelligence (Theories of Spearman, Guilford, Thurstone and
• Language and Thought (Basic perspectives of Piaget, Chomsky and Vygotsky).
• Gender as a social construct: Gender roles, gender bias and educational practice
• Individual differences among learners, understanding differences based on diversity of language,
caste, gender, community, religion etc.,
• Distinction between – Assessment for learning and Assessment of learning – school based Assessment
(Internal assessment)
• Continuous and comprehensive evaluation: Perspectives and practice
• Assessing learner achievement – grading
• Personality development – concept of personality and basic approaches to personality (Psychoanalytic
and Trait) – Adjustment mechanisms

Concepts of inclusive education and understanding children with special needs (5 Questions)

• Concept of exceptional children
• Concept of children with special needs (CWSN)
• Addressing learners from diverse backgrounds including disadvantaged and deprived
• Concept of learning disability (LD) – Addressing the needs of children with learning disabilities
• Addressing the Talented, creative, specially abled children

Learning and pedagogy (10 Questions)

• How children think and learn: how and why children fail to achieve success in school performance
• Different factors influencing learning and achievement
• Basic process of teaching and learning: Children’s strategies of learning – Learning as a social
activity – social context of learning
• Child as a problem solver and ‘scientific investigator’ (concept of the nature of child by Piaget,
Bruner and Vygotsky)
• Alternative concepts of Learning in children: Understanding children’s’ ‘errors’ as significant steps
in the learning process (Self – corrective nature of the child)
• Cognition and Emotions – Emotion – Basic Emotions – characteristics of childhood emotionality.
Emotional Development (Bridge’s)- cognition (Thinking, Reasoning, Problems solving and
• Motivation and learning – How does motivation influence learning – Maslow’s theory of motivation
• Factors contributing to learning – Personal and environmental

TAMIL 30 Questions
Reading Comprehension – Prose (5 Questions)
  • Comprehension of theme
  • Interpretation
  • Inference
Reading Comprehension – Poem. (5 Questions)
  • Comprehension of themes
  • Poetic images
  • Interpretation
Pedagogical aspects of Mother tongue Education – Class – I – V (10 Questions)
  • Principles of Language Learning
  • Classroom practices
  • Inclusion of differently abled children
  • Methodology of curriculum Transaction
Language, Literature and culture. (10 Questions)
  • Books and Authors
  • Functional Grammar
  • Proverbs
  • Forms of Literature
  • Tamil Festivals
KANNADA 30 Questions
Reading comprehension – Prose (5 Questions)
  • Comprehension of Theme
  • Interpretation
  • Inference
Reading comprehension –Poem (5 Questions)
  • Comprehension of Theme
  • Poetic images
Pedagogical aspects of Kannada Language – Class 1 to 5 (10 Questions)
  • Principles of Language Learning
  • Classroom Practices
  • Inclusion of differently-abled children
  • Methodology of curriculum transaction
History of Language, Literature and Culture (10 Questions)
  • Idioms, Phrases and Usages
  • Functional grammar
  • Proverbs
  • Rhythms
ENGLISH 30 Questions

Language II will have questions for 30 marks, of which 15 marks will be for language comprehension and 15 marks for pedagogy. Each question carries one mark. The language comprehension part questions will be from an unfamiliar passage or poem to test reading comprehension, grammar and verbal ability.

Language Comprehension (15 Questions)

Comprehension passage: The unfamiliar passages are intended to check factual, inferential, analytical and evaluative comprehension.

Grammar: Language elements included in the Course books of standard I to V.

  • Article
  • Concord
  • Interrogatives
  • Yes / No Questions
  • ‘wh’ – Questions
  • Question tags
  • Prepositions
  • Tense and Time
  • Determiners
  • Phrasal verbs
  • Gerunds
  • Reflexive Pronouns
  • Linkers
  • Auxiliaries
Verbal ability :
  • Vocabulary
  • Inflexions
  • Affixes
  • Prefix
  • Suffix
  • Antonyms, Synonyms
  • Idioms and Phrases
Pedagogy of language development (15 Questions)
Questions will be based on the present Kerala Primary school curriculum (English)
  • Language Acquisition and Learning
  • Learning vs acquisition – Major schools of thought.
  • Principles of Language Learning
  • Constructivism – Social Constructivism – Critical Pedagogy – Error Treatment –
  • Cognitivism
  • Language and Thought
  • Different views of Whorf, Piaget, Vygotsky and Chomsky – Relationship between language and thought.
  • Objectives of Teaching English
  • Relevance of English – Curricular Objectives.
  • Language skills and communication skills
  • Ways of improving language/communicaion skills – classroom activities – tools.
    ICT-based aids in language teaching
  • Modern Strategies
  • Nurturing multiple intelligence
  • Instruction to cater to individual differences – Teaching learners with special needs.
  • continuous and comprehensive evaluation – assessment of skills and products.
Content ( 20 questions)
  • Family – Relationships, jobs and duties of family members
  • Water – Water sources, conservation of water, water pollution, prevention of water pollution
  • Agriculture – Different types of agriculture, tools of agriculture, agricultural product, herbal garden
  • Vehicles –  Types of vehicles used
  • Soil – Different soils, soil pollution. Prevention of soil pollution, soil erosion
  • Earth – Ecosystem, environmental protection, the impact of pollution on earth,
  • remedial measures
  • Shelters –  Types of shelters, characteristics of animal shelters
  • Diseases – Different types of diseases, causes, remedial measures, healthy habits
  • Food – Types of food – natural and artificial foods, their merits and demerits
  • Jobs –  Types of jobs, different types of tools
  • Public Institute – Services of people by the public institute
  • Energy –  Types of energy, conservation of energy
  • Animal world – Varieties of animals, movement, food habits, uses of animals
  • Plants – Variety of plants – uses – herbal garden, photosynthesis
  • First aid – Different types of first aid needed for first aid box
  • Solar system – Plants, stars, sky, water
  • Air- Importance of nature, air pollution, remediation
  • Light  – Eye, protection of the eye, sources of light. reflection of light, shadow.
Pedagogy (10 questions)
  • Science – Scope, meaning, history of science, the role of science in human development Aims of learning science → Cognitive area, process skill area, scientific attitude, application area, scientific creativity
  • Supplementary activities for enhancing science learning → Bulletin board, science club, wall magazine, day celebrations, quiz etc
  • Scientific process → Steps in the scientific process
  • Different process skills → Its developmental strategies
  • Characteristics of science teaching
  • Approaches of science teaching → Nature of learning activities, evaluation process etc
  • Integrated Approach in environmental science
  • Evaluation strategy in science classes → Grading
  • Different strategies in science teaching-learning process → Projects, seminars, debates, experiments, field trips etc
  • Role of science teacher
  • Learning aids → need, scope
  • Unit analysis → Comprehensive planning – teaching manual
  • Pedagogic analysis
  • Analysis of primary science curriculum
  • Action Research
  • Evaluation system → Grading – continuous evaluation – preparation and administration of evaluation tools
=> MATHEMATICS 30 Questions

The examination will be broadly based on topics prescribed for class 1 to 5 in the Kerala State Syllabus for Mathematics, but some problems may have links to extensions of these concepts to the secondary stage.

Content (20 questions)
Numbers :
  • Natural Numbers: Place value, ordering, addition, subtraction, multiplication and division of natural numbers, factors and multiples, prime numbers, and practical problems.
  • Fractions: Fraction of a measure such as a metre, litre, or gram. Fractional parts of objects. Equal fractions, Operations on fraction. The decimal representation of fractions is related to metric units of length, volume, and weight. Operations on decimals, practical problems.
  • Geometry: Perimeter of rectilinear figures (polygons), area of rectangles, patterns of geometrical figures, practical problems.
  • Measurements: Basic operations in solving problems involving, length, weight, capacity, time, money and practical problems.
  • Nature of Mathematics: Abstraction, Understanding children’s thinking and reasoning. Language of Mathematics.
  • Place of Mathematics in Curriculum: Aims and objectives of learning mathematics in primary classes – Values of mathematics learning Correlation with other subjects, Lower Primary and Upper Primary Mathematics, curriculum, syllabus
  • Mathematics – Trends and Developments: Historical Development of mathematics great mathematicians and their contributions
  • Approach to Mathematics Learning: Proper learning experiences keeping in mind the characteristics of children, their natural learning capacity and the learning process Theoretical base of learning mathematics
  • The teaching of Mathematics – Strategies and Methods: Teaching strategies – Concept attainment, process-oriented teaching, projects, seminars, assignments, field trips.
  • Different teaching-learning methods –Inductive and deductive methods, analytic and synthetic methods, project methods, and laboratory methods.
  • Learning Materials in Mathematics: Textbook and handbooks, information technology, mathematics club, mathematics laboratory, mathematics fair, mathematics library collecting mathematical puzzles, riddles.
  • Mathematics Learning – Evaluation: Concept of a continuous and comprehensive evaluation, evaluation activities, grading and recording the results diagnosis, remedial teaching and error analysis


KTET Category 2 syllabus 2023:




1 Child Development and Pedagogy 30
2 Tamil/Kannada/Malayalam/English 30
3 English/Malayalam 30
4 Mathematics & Science
Or Social Studies/Social Science
or Any other subject teacher
Total 150
Child development ( Elementary Child) (15 Questions)
Concept of development and its relation with learning
  • Growth and Development – stages of development – Infancy, Child hood, Adolescence – Maturation – Relationship between development, Maturation and learning. Principles of development of children Major principles of growth and development – Implication of learning – Influence of Heredity and Environment Role of Heredity and Environment on the development of child -Teacher’s role.
  • Socialization Process Concept of Socialization – Social world and children: Role of family, peers, teachers in the process of socialization – pattern of social development – Erick Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development.
  • Piaget, Kohlberg, Vygotsky – Constructs and Critical Perspectives Cognitive development theory of Piaget, Kohlberg’s theory of moral development – Vygotsky’s theory of social constructivism – Educational Implications.
  • Concept of child centered and progressive Education: Concept of child centeredness – Individual difference – Methods of teaching and learning – Activity methods – Concept of progressive education – Role of teacher.
  • Critical perspective of the construct of Intelligence Concept of Intelligence – Theories of intelligence – factor theories -S-I model of Intellect – multiple Intelligences – Concept of I Q – Intelligence Tests (Examples) – Sternberg’s Information processing theory.
  • Language and Thought: Language development – stages, Theories – Piaget, Vygotsky, Chomsky – Relationship between language and thought -approaches to language learning and teaching.
  • Gender as a social construct: Gender Roles, bias, educational practices – Gender equality – teacher’s role.
  • Individual difference among learners: Understanding differences based on diversity of language, caste, gender, community, religion etc. Individual difference – socio cultural determinants
  • Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation:(CCE) Concept – Assessment to learning – strategies – Cumulative records, Anecdotal records, Portfolios Assessment Techniques. – Feed back
  • Nature of prior learning: Readiness for learning – Strategies for assessment Encouraging critical thinking – Teacher’s role.
=>Inclusive Education (5 Questions)
  • Addressing learners from diverse back grounds – including disadvantaged and deprived. LD, MR, O P H, Sensorily deprived – socially and culturally deprived – Educational Implications/ Addressing the needs of LD. Exceptional children – Gifted, creative, specially abled children – Educational provision – Needs – characteristics – Identification and Remedial measures
Learning and Pedagogy (10 Questions)

Identification of individual learner needs – Intellectual, Emotional, Social, Creative needs, Catering to the individual needs of learners.

  • Process of teaching and learning – Creating Learning situations – criteria of learning experiences – different modes of learning – social learning (Bandura) – co-operative and collaborative learning, Group discussion – Role of Teacher.
  • Cognitive Process and Emotions – Perception – concept formation – thinking – Imagination – Reasoning – Inductive and deductive – Problem solving – Memory – Emotional development – characteristics, Emotional maturity Emotional Intelligence – Emotional Quittance (EQ)
  • Motivation and Learning Learning – Factors affecting Learning – Theories of Learning – Pavlov, Thorndike, Skinner, Gagne’s hierarchy of learning, Insightful learning (Kohler) – Constructivism – Piaget, Bruner, Vygotsky, Ausubel – Educational Implications Motivation – Concept, types – Importance to learning – Theories of motivation – Abraham Maslow, Mc Clelland
  • Personality and adjustment: Concept – Approaches – Type, Trait – Allport – Measurement of personality – Projective and Non projective techniques – Adjustment Mechanisms
Language Comprehension 15 Questions

An unfamiliar passage or poem with questions on reading comprehension, inference, vocabulary and language elements. Questions to evaluate the knowledge of basic grammar such as Tense forms, Articles, Prepositions and Linkers.

Pedagogy of Language Development 15 Questions
  • Language Acquisition and Learning – Theories and their classroom implications.
    Principles of Language Teaching
  • Language skills – Strategies to develop them Problems and challenges in language classrooms
  • Teaching learning materials – Textbook, ICT and other teaching aids.
  • Learner Assessment – Self, Peer, Teacher
  • Strategies for teaching children with special needs (CWSN)
  • Teacher Attitude and Aptitude
TAMIL 30 Questions
Reading Comprehension – Prose 5 Questions
  • Comprehension of theme
  • Interpretation
Reading Comprehension – Poem. 5 Questions
  • Poetic images
  • Comprehension of themes
  • Interpretation
  • Extended Meaning
Pedagogical aspects of Mother tongue education – Class – VI – VIII 10 Questions
  • Principles of Language Learning
  • Inclusion of differently abled children
  • Methodology of curriculum Transaction
Language Literature and culture. 10 Questions
  • Books and Authors
  • Functional Grammar
  • Proverbs
  • Trends in Literature
  • Foreign Contribution in Tamil Literature
  • Tamil Festivals and Folk Arts
KANNADA 30 Questions
Reading comprehension – Prose 5 Questions
  • Comprehension of Theme
  • Interpretation
  • Inference
Reading comprehension –Poem 5 Questions
  • Comprehension of Theme
  • Poetic images
  • Poetic emotions and feelings
  • Imaginating elements
Pedagogical aspects of Kannada Language – Class 6 to 8 10 Questions
  • Principles of Language learning
  • Classroom Practices
  • Inclusion of differently abled children
  • Methodology of curriculum transaction
History of Language, Literature and Culture 10 Questions
  • Idioms, Phrases and usages
  • Functional grammar
  • Proverbs
  • Rhythms
  • History and Forms of Literature
ENGLISH 30 Questions
Language Comprehension 15 Questions

One or two unfamiliar passages or poems with questions on comprehension, inference, vocabulary and elements of grammar. A few questions to evaluate knowledge of basic grammar, such as

  • Article
  • Concord
  • Question tags
  • Prepositions
  • Tense and time
  • Modal Auxiliaries
  • Phrasal verbs and idioms
  • Degrees of comparison
  • Active and passive voice
  • Reported speech
  • Language functions
  • Error identification
=> Pedagogy of Language Development 15 Questions
  • Language Acquisition and Learning – Theories and their classroom implications.
  • Principles of Language Teaching
  • Problems and challenges in the language classrooms
  • Language skills – strategies to develop them
  • Teaching learning materials – Textbook, ICT and other teaching aids.
  • Assessment – Self, Peer, Teacher
  • Strategies for teaching children with special needs (CWSN)
=> HINDI 30 Questions
Pedagogy of language development. 15 Questions
  • Concepts and process in language learning and acquisition.
  • Developments – principles of language teaching.
  • Role of listening and speaking.
  • Functions of language and how children use it as a tool in formal and informal situations.
  • Role of grammar in learning language for communicating ideas verbally and in written forms-critical perspective.
  • Challenges in language teaching.
  • Diverse classroom – errors and disorders.
  • Language skills.
  • Evaluation in language learning-comprehension and proficiency.’
  • Teaching-learning material-other resource materials to be used in class rooms.
  • Remedial measures to be taken in language class.
  • Creating proper interactive situations in language class rooms.
  • Competence of a teacher in selecting proper extended materials in language class rooms.
  • Various forms of presentation of discourses in language class rooms.
  • How to address the special needs of differently abled children in language class rooms.
=> Questions for Language comprehension – 15 Questions
  • Reading unseen passages (prose, poem) and elements of language Question to be asked on the basis of the poem given to test the competence to comprehend ideas and enjoy the poetic emotions and feelings, imaginative elements, ideas and views beyond the lines, particular forms of composition, etc.
  • Questions on the given prose or drama to test the competency for comprehension, interpretation and language usage.
  • Language elements like structure of sentences, combination of words, usage of words in various situations, idioms in use and basic grammar.

History & Culture of Languages – Major landmarks – developments of modern prose (Discourses)

SCIENCE – 30 Questions
Content 20 Questions
  • Germination of seed
  • Steps of seed germination.
  • Plant adaptations.
  • Pest-pest control.
  • Chemical and biological pest control.
  • Cell structure.
  • Cell organelles.
  • Types of tissues.
  • Organ system.
  • Levels of organisation.
  • Diseases
Micro organisms.
  • Mode of disease transmission.
  • Preventive measures.
  • Pollution
  • Different types of pollution.
Bio-degradable and non bio degradable pollutants.
  • Plastic waste.
  • Cardio vascular system
  • Heart -blood-lymph
  • Arteries- veins- capillaries
  • Cardio vascular diseases
  • Cellular equilibrium
  • Osmosis-diffusion-active transport
  • Cellular equilibrium
  • Excretion
  • Kidney-skin.
Plant reproduction
  • Agents of pollination
  • Seed dispersal
  • Types of fruits.
  • Animal nutrition
Human digestive system
  • Indigenous food
  • Food adulteration.
  • Human nervous system
  • Brain-nervous disorders.
  • Body structure
Human skeletal system
  • Joints
  • First aid.
  • Hybrid varieties of plants
  • Crop rotation
  • Nitrogen fixation
  • Vegetative propagation- (budding, grafting, layering)
  • Tissue culture
  • Plant nutrition
  • Chemical and bio fertilizers
  • Integrated farming
  • Pisciculture- sericulture- epiculture
  • Plant diseases-plant disease control measures
  • Agricultural garden- agricultural research institutes.
  • Indigenous varieties of animals- hybrid varieties of animals.
  • Taxonomy
  • Two kingdoms and five-kingdom classification
  • Binomial nomenclature.
  • Ecosystem
  • Food chain- food web- positive and negative interactions.
  • Conservation of biodiversity
  • Biosphere reserve- national park- zoological park- gene bank-
  • Endemic species
  • Hot spot- sustainable development.
  • Transparent and opaque objects

Reflection of light – images-different types of mirrors. solar eclipse-lunar eclipse-orbit-satellite-information technology, Image formation by spherical mirrors.

Solar system – Sun, planets, satellites, asteroids, meteorites, comets, etc.

Simple machines – Inclined plane-pulleys-lever-fulcrum-resistance-effort -application of simple machines-electromagnet

Magnetism – Properties of magnet, applications, earth’s magnetism

Energy- Different forms of energy-fuels-conservation of energy-forms of fuels-potential energy- kinetic energy-evaporation of water-

Thermal Expansion- Density – heat and change of state-sea breeze and land breeze-atmospheric pressure and its application-fluid pressure. temperature, thermometer

Static Electricity –Frictional electricity, electroscope, earthing, lightning and lightning arresters, conductors and insulators.

Sound – Production of sound-characteristics of sound, application of sound (sonar, ultra sound etc) propagation of sound – sound pollution-musical instruments.

Motion-Different types of motion-uniform, non-uniform speed-velocity-acceleration-Newton’s laws of motion-friction-advantages and disadvantages.

Thermal conductivity –Radiation-applications of thermal insulators (flask, casseroles)

Basic concepts of force –Types of force-inertia-relation between inertia and mass. Basic concepts of thrust and pressure-relationship between surface area and thrust. Atmospheric pressure – barometer

Different types of mixtures – Methods of separation of pure substances-acids and bases and its characteristics, reaction with metals and carbonates. Neutralisation, PH

Metals – Metals and its characteristics-prevention of corrosion.


Chemical reactions and its classification – Chemical reactions in day to day life-effect of chemical reactions on nature. Molecules and atoms- fundamental concepts-classification of matter-symbols of elements-properties of elements and matter-structure of atom-discovery-Dalton’s concept- atom model-Bohr’ model of atom-atomic number and mass number. Octet electronic configuration Role of electrons in bonding- valency-ions – atomicity

Pedagogy 10 Questions
  • Approaches to the science curriculum-criticism of contemporary science education-Aims and objectives of science education-science literacy.
  • Approaches of science education-taxonomy of science education.
  • Knowledge domain
  • Problem solving skills-creativity domain-attitudinal domain-application domain
  • Scientific inquiry
  • Pedagogic strategies-activity based – collaborative and cooperative learning.
  • Significance of the history of science
  • Significance of laboratory
  • Evaluation, CCE, assessment of performance
  • Scientific attitude
  • Methods of science teaching
  • Role of science teacher
  • Teaching and learning aids
  • Psychological basis of science learning
MATHEMATICS 30 Questions

The examination will be broadly based on the topics prescribed for classes 6 to 8 in the Kerala State syllabus for mathematics but some problems may have links to extension of these concepts to the Higher Secondary stage. The details are given below:


Fractions: Different forms of the same fraction and reduction to lowest terms. Operations on fractions. Representation of certain fractions as terminating decimals. Operations on such decimals.

Percent: Concept of percent and its relation to fractions. Applications of percent in monetary transactions, such as interest (simple and compound), profit and loss, and discount.

Average: Average as a representative number of a group of numbers. Computation of average. Quick computation of the change in average when one number of the group is replaced by another. Average of combined groups

Negative Numbers: Use of negative numbers in certain physical contexts such as temperature and scoring. Fundamental operations of negative numbers. Use of negative numbers in algebra.

Exponentiation: Exponentiation as repeated multiplication. Positive integral powers. Multiplication and division of numbers expressed as powers. Meaning of negative powers and its use in simplification.

Ratio and Proportion: Ratios for comparing two or more magnitudes using a common unit. Multiple interpretations of comparisons involving ratios. Uses of the idea in such contexts as comparing different types in a group, different ingredients in a mixture, monetary division, aspect ratio in geometry and so on. Proportion as a change of quantities without changing the ratio. The idea of the constant of proportion. Inverse proportion is proportionality with the reciprocal. The equations y = kx and y = . Use of these ideas in physics, such as in elasticity, levers and gravitation.

Time and Distance: The concept of average speed. Relation between time, distance and average speed. Finding the average speed of trips done in two parts in various cases such as when the distance in both parts is equal and when the time for both parts is the same.

Algebra: Use of algebra to express unchanging relations between changing physical quantities. Algebraic expressions as shorthand for arithmetical operations on unspecified numbers. General properties of arithmetic operations, especially products of sums and differences as algebraic identities. Formulation and solution of a linear equation in one unknown, arising from certain physical and mathematical contexts.

Angles: Angle as a measure of slant and as a measure of spread. The degree measure of an angle by dividing a circle into 360 equal sectors. Perpendicularity relation between the four angles made by two intersecting lines.
Parallel Lines: A pair of parallel lines as lines keeping the same distance throughout and as lines having the same slant with a third line. Characterization of a pair of parallel lines in terms of various pairs of angles from the eight angles made by intersection with a third line. The sum of angles of a triangle and polygons.

Triangles: Area of a triangle in terms of base and height. Drawing triangles according to some specified measures. Cases where two different triangles are possible and no triangle is possible. The concept of congruency of triangles, Sufficient conditions for two triangles to be congruent, such as having lengths of all three sides equal, lengths of two sides and included angle equal, and lengths of one side and the two angles on it equal. Various applications of these ideas such as in proving properties of parallelograms and isosceles triangles, drawing the perpendicular bisector of a line and bisector of an angle.
Quadrilaterals: Classification of quadrilaterals as rectangle, square, parallelogram, rhombus, and trapezium and their various characterizations. Drawing these types of quadrilaterals of specified measures. Areas of various types of quadrilaterals.

Solids: The idea of a rectangular prism. Its volume and surface area.

  • Graphical Representation: Represent numerical data as pictographs, bar graphs, multiple bar graphs, line graphs and pie charts. Drawing inferences from such graphs.
  • Tabular Representation: Represent numerical data as a frequency table.
  • Nature of Mathematics – Abstraction, Understanding children’s thinking and reasoning. Language of Mathematics.
  • Place of Mathematics in Curriculum – Aims and objectives of learning mathematics in primary classes -Values of mathematics learning. Correlation with other subjects, Lower primary and Upper primary Mathematics curriculum
  • Mathematics – Trends and Developments – Historical development of mathematics. History of great mathematicians and their contributions
  • Approach to Mathematics Learning – Proper learning experiences keeping in mind the characteristics of children, their natural learning capacity and the learning process of the child. Theoretical Base of learning mathematics
  • Learning of Mathematics – Strategies and Methods – learning strategies- Concept attainment, Process-oriented approach, Projects, Seminars, Field trip, etc. Different teaching-learning methods –Inductive and deductive method, Analytic and Synthetic method, Project Method, laboratory method. Planning of a lesson
  • Learning Materials in Mathematics – Textbook and Handbooks, Information technology, Mathematics club, Mathematics Laboratory, Mathematics fair, Mathematics library. Mathematics collection – a collection of mathematical puzzles, riddles, etc.
  • Mathematics Learning – Evaluation – Concept of a continuous and comprehensive evaluation, Evaluation activities, Grading the performance and recording the results. Diagnosis, Remedial Teaching and Error Analysis.
=> SOCIAL SCIENCE 60 Questions
=> HISTORY (12 Questions)
Stone Age, the beginning of agriculture
  • Civilizations – Egypt, China, Mesopotamia, Harappa Industrial and agrarian revolutions, capitalism Socialism, labour movements and labour struggles Colonialism in India
  • Struggles of peasants, workers, tribals, women, sepoys, poligars, rulers and chieftains
    Revolt of 1857
  • Social reform movements of India
  • Indian national movement and Gandhian era.
  • Movements for social change, peasant struggles and national movement in modern Kerala
=> GEOGRAPHY (12 Questions)
  • Planets and other heavenly bodies
  • Size, shape, the interior structure of the earth, seasons, temperature zones
  • Latitude, longitude, longitude and time
  • Map and its types, scale, topographical maps, globe
  • Climate & weather, temperature, pressure, rainfall and winds
  • India – Relief, climate, drainage, vegetation
  • India – Resources, agriculture, industry, transport, population
  • Kerala – Physiography, drainage, agriculture, transport, human life
  • Environmental problems and conservative measures.
=> ECONOMICS (8 Questions)
  • Economic growth, development and human development – concepts and trends
  • Five Year Plans
  • Agriculture, food security and poverty
  • Traditional industries of Kerala
  • Money and banking
  • Demographic trends – India and Kerala
  • Globalisation and India
=> POLITICAL SCIENCE (8 Questions)
  • Democracy
  • People and state Governments
  • Political parties – Types and functions
  • Election Process and the Role of Election Commission
  • Local Self Governments
  • Nature, scope, importance and correlation
  • National goals, aims & objectives of instruction
  • Curriculum – trends, principles & organisations
  • Analysis and planning of instruction.
  • Types of learners and requirements for learning
  • Learning resources and co-curricular activities
  • Purpose and modern trends of evaluation
  • Methods, approaches & techniques of instruction
  • Characteristics of modern instructional strategies

KTET Category 3 syllabus 2023 – (Secondary School Classes)




1 Adolescence Psychology Study/ Teaching Strategy 40
2 Tamil/Kannada/Malayalam/English 30
3 Topic-Based Questions 80

KTET Category 4 syllabus 2023 – (High School Classes)




1 Child Development / Cognitive Science 30
2 Tamil/Kannada/Malayalam/English 40
3 Topic-Based Questions 80







Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here